A Brief History of Judo

Judo originated in Japan in the nineteeth century and is used now as a modern martial art and combat sport. Judo means the gentle way. The object is to either throw your opponent to the ground, immobilise or otherwise subdue your opponent with a grappling maneuver, You can also force an opponent to submit by joint locking the or applying a choke. Kick. Punches and thrusts are also used, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata). They are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori).

Competition Rules

Judo has two main elements:-
Sporting skills of attack and defence
The culture of the sport, the moral code of Judo is politeness, courage, sincerity, self-control, honour, modesty, friendship and respect. In a Judo competition, a judoka can be disqualified for deliberately hurting their opponent.
At the start and the end of the contest the judokas bow this is to show respect to each other.
There are officially 66 throwing techniques and 29 grappling techniques.

Judo Organisations

British Judo Association
British Judo Council
Amateur Judo Association
IJF International Judo Federation

Judo Techniques

Throwing techniques, Nage waza
Standing techniques, Tachi waza
Foot and leg techniques, Ashi waza
Hip techniques, Koshi waza
Hand techniques, Te waza
Sacrifice techniques, Sutemi waza
Supine sacrifice techniques, Ma sutemi waza
Side sacrifice techniques, Yoko sutemi waza
Grappling techniques, Katame waza
Hold-down techniques, Osae waza
Strangling techniques, Shime waza
Joint techniques, Kansetsu waza


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