A Brief History of Boxing

Boxing, also known as "pugilism" ( from latin, meaning to fight with fists) or "sweet science", has roots that go all the way back to ancient Greece and Rome. Back then fights would take place without gloves but with just leather taped on to the hands. This resulted in even more gruesome, deadly battles. In this early era of boxing these "bare-knucle" fights had very little by the way of rules. There were no weight divisions, rounds weren't really distinguised with the fight usually lasting until one of the fighters couldn't fight anymore (either by knockout or just physical exhaustion). Wrestling was also permitted and was common place in these early bouts.

The Rules

The boxing code was written by John Graham Chambers in 1865 and published in 1867 as "the Queensberry rules for the sport of boxing. They were named so because the 9th Marquess of Queensberry publicly endorsed the code. These rules are as follows;

1) To be a fair stand-up boxing match in a 24-foot ring, or as near that size as practicable.

2) No wrestling or hugging allowed.
 
3) The rounds to be of three minutes' duration, and one minute's time between rounds.

4) If either man falls through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, 10 seconds to be allowed him to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to his corner, and when the fallen man is on his legs the round is to be resumed and continued until the three minutes have expired. If one man fails to come to the scratch in the 10 seconds allowed, it shall be in the power of the referee to give his award in favour of the other man.
5) A man hanging on the ropes in a helpless state, with his toes off the ground, shall be considered down.

6) No seconds or any other person to be allowed in the ring during the rounds.

7) Should the contest be stopped by any unavoidable interference, the referee to name the time and place as soon as possible for finishing the contest; so that the match must be won and lost, unless the backers of both men agree to draw the stakes.

8) The gloves to be fair-sized boxing gloves of the best quality and new.
 
9) Should a glove burst, or come off, it must be replaced to the referee's satisfaction.

10) A man on one knee is considered down and if struck is entitled to the stakes.

11) No shoes or boots with springs allowed.

12) The contest in all other respects to be governed by revised rules of the London Prize Ring

Main Boxing Organisations

WBC World Boxing Council founded in 1963.
WBA World Boxing Association founded in 1921 and formerly the NBA.
IBF International Boxing Federation founded in 1983.
WBO World Boxing Organisation founded in 1988.

Some Brief Boxing Techniques

  One of, if not the easiest of all the combative sports to learn (though being good at it takes alot of hard work and training) as all of the strikes are from punches alone. A right-handed boxer uses his left hand to lead and his right hand is his rear hand, this is known as an orthoxdox stance. And a left-handed boxer stands visa versa and is known as an unothodox boxer or a Southpaw. All punches come from the guard position. There are four basic punches in boxing they are as follows;

 1) The Jab - This is a quick, straight punch thrown from the leading hand. Used more as a range finder and to probe defences of opponent for the rear and more powerful hand.
 2) The Cross - This is a powerful punch thrown from the rear hand also called the "straight".
 3) The Hook - This is a semi-circular punch.
 4) The Uppercut - A vertical rising punch.
These simple punches when put together to form a "combo" on varying levels (i.e striking the head and body) can result in a devastating affect on your opponent.

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